Genesis 1:1-5; 20-31;
1 In the beginning God created[a] the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was without form and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the Spirit[b] of God was moving over the face of the waters. 3 And God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. 4 And God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.
20 And God said, “Let the waters bring forth swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the firmament of the heavens.” 21 So God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarm, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day. 24 And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds: cattle and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds.” And it was so. 25 And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds and the cattle according to their kinds, and everything that creeps upon the ground according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26 Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth.” 27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. 28 And God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the air and over every living thing that moves upon the earth.” 29 And God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit; you shall have them for food. 30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have given every green plant for food.” And it was so. 31 And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, a sixth day.
Creation Myths are an interesting subject for two reasons: they tend to hold common elements in their stories, and they reveal their culture’s particular views of the world and humanity.
The Babylonians held that humanity was created out of the corpse of a vengeful monster, a kind of result of the war of the gods.
The Chinese have a story of the creator god Pangu who died with each part of his body parts becoming a different part of the world, and at the very end of his body’s “transformation” (or rather, decay) did the mites devouring his body evolve into mankind.
The Greeks hold that humanity was fashioned last, and that the economy of traits and talents had run out by the time humanity was conceived of, and so standing upright and fire were given as token gifts of pity–we were an afterthought.
The Norse seem to believe that we are either the sweat descending from the armpit of the great frost giant Ymil while other parts of the story seem to suggest we were carved out of two trees by a pair of gods walking on a beach.
In my research, it seems only the story of the Spider Grandmother of Hopi and Navajo tribes has any kind of significance to the creation of mankind. We are told that we are sung into being and that this spider god continues to take pride and care in its creation (albeit, it is also held this same creator devours disobedient children, so there’s that).
In a cursory search of creation myths, its interesting that not all myths have an embedded story for humanity. Certainly, there is talk of chaos, of world eggs, of wars among gods and titans, but the tale of humanity’s birth isn’t always considered “chapter 1” material. From the aforementioned myths and from the smattering of myths of the birth of the cosmos that we alluded to, what strikes me as significant is that humanity is thought of last, as a mere consequence or “good idea” that comes out of something tragic or mundane.
Not so in Genesis
Intentionality of Creation
While humanity comes last in Genesis, we get an impression that this was supposed to be the magnum opus, the masterpiece of creation. The “Day 1, Day 2” flow of Genesis conveys deliberate planning from the Judeo-Christian God. Everything was laid out ahead of time, deemed as good, and on the seventh day (a number that would continue to live in Jewish and Christian cultures as perfect or holy) does God create not arbitrarily but creates out of His Image and Likeness. Humanity is the most important creation by this very fact, and with that knowledge, we see how the laying out of all of creation was a kind of gift laid out for us to enjoy and to reign over. God even tells us within this first chapter, after creating all things that it is for us to tame them.
Genesis ought to comfort us rather than its competing stories that everything in existence has a kind of deliberateness about it, a splendor and beauty. More than this, the matter we see and enjoy before us was not consequential of a god acting in a mundane or violent manner, but formed from a Loving God who fashions all things FOR His beloved creation that He makes out of His Image and Likeness: us. We are special.
But the intentionality of creation is but only one remarkable bit of the creation we read in Genesis. What is more remarkable is the How.
In other creation stories, we hear of “fashioning” of the world through the hands and actions of the gods, or read about the cosmos itself that we know and live in are mere body parts of a god, titan, or monster. The cosmos we know are either artisan byproducts of a god’s pottery class or a cosmic being’s death.
Again, not so with Genesis, but I think the Navajo and Hopi are due some credit here.
Creative Power of Voice and Song
We read in the creation narrative of these Native American tribes of the spider grandmother singing humanity into creation–no need for hands, for clay, for any transformation of matter. Instead, we are a composition, perhaps an anthem, perhaps a lullaby, perhaps a dirge, perhaps all of the above. Popular Christian authors such as Tolkein and Lewis seem to have taken to this narrative as well. Asland sings Narnia into existence, and we read in the Silmarillion that all things were composed from music into being, even with some dissonant chords!
Genesis is similar in emphasizing speech as the vehicle for manifestation, of order, of creation, though perhaps it doesn’t convey a musicality. While there’s a certain charm to the aforementioned creation stories of song acting as the vehicle of creation, Genesis gives some comfort and some sobriety to us.
After all, not all of us are gifted with musicality, but the majority of us can speak, or at least recognize it. God needed no hands or collateral in order to bring order and beauty out of chaos and nothingness. He spoke, and His Word–Yes, The Logos, The Son–was sufficient to manifest things to be good, to make humanity in His Image and Likeness.
But where is the aforementioned sobriety in this?
Humanity is made in the Image and Likeness of God. The only real detail we know of God from Gensis 1 is that He Creates and that He Speaks and things are so. What we glean from this is that Humanity is geared to create, to manifest order out of disorder, to put things in their proper place, to make things “good”. But more sobering than this is the power of our voice, of our words. If God can create by Word, by voice, and we are made in His Image and Likeness, ought we naught be leery of our use of words? Of our speech?
Can we not with a word similarly create and make things good? Can our words not transform others into something that resembles the image and likeness of whatever form we find ourselves in (although our original image and likeness is according to God’s, is it not possible that we distort this image and likeness?)
If God creates and orders by speech, should we not be afraid of the opposite effect our speech can have: destruction and disorder?
Personal responsibility over words
Our capacity to make and conceive of words, to control a muscle not confined by skin or bone (or tongue), to write and read a sentence that will outlive our own bodies to be remembered for generations…this is no mundane feat or gift.
I invite each of us to give some deep consideration to the power of our words, of our speech. It’s easy for us to flare up and speak in impulse, according to our anger or sense of knowledge or importance. But what do we create in so doing? Although we can perhaps “hear speech” when we think, this primordial mess of our thoughts simply does not effect reality in the same fashion that speech does.
We’ve started wars with our tongues. We’ve torn down people with our words. We slay with gossip and with negative self-talk. When we say something, it cannot be taken back, even if it is forgiven. We create wounds in ourselves, in each other, in the very fabric of being through our speech…because God’s speech created and changed reality…and we are made in His Image and Likeness.
Today, consider the following:
- What words do I speak/write about myself that falsely inflate myself or wound myself from reaching my potential?
- What ways have I wounded another human being through gossip, through speech that accomplishes nothing but rather wounds the fabric of being?
- What chaos, what destruction, what disorder, what malady do I wound reality with when I speak in anger, utter a curse, or use speech with the intention to destroy?
- How can I use my speech in a godly manner: to create, to sustain, to make good
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